University Reform And Its Impact On Scientific Production In Peru
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Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte
Revista Turismo Estudos & Práticas
The present study had the objective of analyzing the Peruvian scientific production published after the university reform initiated in 2014 with the purpose of evidencing the impact of this one on the other. A systematic search for data related to research indicators of the competitiveness rankings of the World Economic Forum, the Global Innovation Index, the Scimago Journal Rank, the Ricyt, the Concytec, the Peruvian Council of Competitiveness, among other organizations that analyze global or regional performance was carried out. The results indicate that, during the last decade, Peru has shown some improvements in scientific research: it has quintupled investment in science and technology, increased scientific production and thus obtained better positions at the regional and global level; it has also shown sustained growth in publications. However, Peru's performance is still limited, especially when compared to other countries in the region, and in view of its remarkable macroeconomic growth over the last two decades, which is not in line with the budget allocated to science, technology and innovation (STI). University reform was expected to accelerate the improvement in research performance; however, its impact has not been as relevant in this last five-year period.